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Birthstone Chart

What is Birthstone?

A birthstone is the gem or gems corresponding to the month of birth. They are either precious or semi-precious representing the twelve months of Gregorian calendar. Birthstones are Foundation Stones of Christianity. According to Exodus 28, 15-30, the 12 stones were adopted for the twelve tribes of Israel on Aaron’s breastplate.

When was these adopted?

Regular changes and additions are being made to the standard birthstone list adopted by the (American) National Association of Jewelers in 1912. Alexandrite is added to June, citrine to November, pink tourmaline for October and replaced December's lapis with zircon in 1957. The latest amendment was done in 2002 when tanzanite was added as December birthstone.

The birthstone chart mentioned below includes the ancient, traditional, modern and mystical stones for the twelve months.

S.no.

Month

Ancient Birthstone

Traditional Birthstone

Modern Birthstone

Mystical Birthstone

1

January

Garnet, Serpent Stone (Hindu), Jacinth Garnet (Italian), Garnet Hyacinth (Russian)

Garnet

Garnet

Emerald

2

February

Amethyst

Amethyst

Amethyst

Bloodstone

3

March

Bloodstone, Jasper (Hebrew, Italian & Russian), The gold Siva-linga (Hindu)

Bloodstone

Aquamarine, Bloodstone

Jade

4

April

Diamond (Hindu, Polish), Sapphire (Hebrew, Italian, Russian, Arabic & Roman)

Diamond

Clear Quartz, 
Herkimer Diamond

Opal

5

May

Emerald (Arabic, Hindu, Polish & Russian), Agate (Hebrew, Italian & Roman), Carnelian (Hebrew),
Chalcedony (Hebrew)

Emerald

Emerald

Sapphire

6

June

Agate, Emerald , Chalcedony, Pearl

Alexandrite

Pearl

Moonstone

7

July

Ruby (Polish and Russian),
Onyx (Hebrew and Italian), Sapphire (Hindu), Carnelian (Arabic), Sapphire (Hindu), Sardonyx (Russian)

Ruby

Ruby, Orange Carnelian

Ruby

8

August

Carnelian (Hebrew, Italian & Roman), Sardonyx (Arabic & Polish), Ruby (Hindu), Alexandrite (Russian)

Sardonyx

Peridot, Sardonyx

Diamond

9

September

Zircon (Hindu), Sardonyx (Polish & Roman), Chrysolite (Hebrew, Arabic, Italian & Russian)

Sapphire

Sapphire, Lapis Lazuli

Agate

10

October

Aquamarine (Arabic, Hebrew, Polish & Roman), Coral (Hindu), Beryl (Russian & Italian)

Pink 
Tourmaline

Opal, Tourmaline

Jasper

11

November

Golden Topaz (Arabic, Hebrew, Italian, Polish, Russian & Roman), Cat’s Eye (Hindu)

Citrine

Topaz, Citrine 

Pearl

12

December

Ruby (Arabic, Hebrew, Italian & Roman), Topaz (Hindu), Turquoise (Polish & Russian), Chrysoprase (Russian)

Zircon, Lapis Lazuli

Turquoise, Zircon, Tanzanite, Blue Topaz

Onyx

 

Facts About Birthstones-

  • The twelve gemstones studded in four rows on Aaron’s breastplate were-

    1. Ruby 2. Topaz 3. Carbuncle
    4. Chrysoprasus 5. Sapphire 6. Diamond
    7. Cyanus 8. Agate 9. Amethyst
    10. Tarshish 11. Onyx 12. Jasper
  • Wearing a birthstone helps in all round development of an individual.

  • Tiffany & Co. published poems matching birthstone with each respective month in 1870.

  • Drinking the water in which aquamarine was soaked cures heart, liver and stomach diseases.

  • Green peridot is believed to be tears of ‘volcanic goddess, Pele’.

  • It is a popular belief that placing a venomous snake in sapphire vessel could kill it.

  • Rubies were once used as bullets for blowguns by tribes.

  • If a ruby is tossed into a pot of water it would boil instantly.

  • Only 20% of the total diamonds mined all over the word are used in jewelry.